The bachelor-master system is a European framework of higher education that is based on the conventions made during in the Bologna Declaration that was signed in 1999.
The Bologna process aimed at making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe. In this way the movement of students between European countries was facilitated. By the international chances that are given to the students, their knowledge of languages can be improved and their confidence might increase.
Also across the borders of Europe, the system has advantages because now it is easier to compare European degrees with the US standards.
The bachelor-master higher education system is based on two cycles, an undergraduate degree called licence or bachelor and a graduate degree called master. These two might be followed by a doctorate.
A bachelor’s degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three years (4,5 or 6 in some cases).”Bachelor” may also be the name of a postgraduate degree.
A master’s degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate or graduate course of usually on or two years.